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Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE)

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  • Coverage Dates: Colonial times - present
  • Update Frequency: Completed in 2012

The Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) documents words, phrases, and pronunciations that vary across the United States. DARE does not include words that are commonly used throughout the country.

DARE is based on the DARE Survey (fieldwork carried out in all 50 states between 1965 and 1970) and on written materials such as diaries, letters, novels, histories, biographies, newspapers, and government documents from the colonial period to the present. Entries include regional pronunciations, variant forms, some etymologies, quotations that document use, and regional and social distributions of the words and phrases.

The online version contains all the text and maps from the printed dictionary plus audio from the DARE Survey and some interactive maps. A separate section of the online DARE contains the raw data from the DARE Survey.

You may search for a term or browse alphabetically or by region using the map. The Advanced Search allows you to search within the different parts of an entry including the full text of the quotations. Post-search limiters allow you to refine results to those with audio or maps.

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